Saturday, January 24, 2015

Siaran Media Kem. Kewangan (Dwi Bahasa)


23 January 2015

SIARAN MEDIA / MEDIA RELEASE
KEMENTERIAN KEWANGAN MALAYSIA
MINISTRY OF FINANCE MALAYSIA


Penjelasan Lanjut mengenai Perutusan Khas oleh YAB Perdana Menteri

Berikutan Perutusan Khas oleh YAB Perdana Menteri pada 20 Januari 2015 mengenai perkembangan ekonomi semasa dan kedudukan kewangan Kerajaan, Kementerian Kewangan mengambil maklum akan artikel media dan komentar. Sehubungan ini, Kementerian Kewangan ingin memberi penjelasan berikut:

Bajet 2015 digubal berdasarkan kepada harga minyak mentah Tapis pada USD105 setong. Minyak mentah Tapis lazimnya mempunyai premium kira-kira USD5 setong melebihi harga Dated Brent yang merupakan penanda aras global. Namun, rujukan dibuat berdasarkan Dated Brent pada kadar USD100 setong memandangkan terdapat keperluan memantau harga minyak mentah secara terperinci berikutan kejatuhannya yang berterusan. Kerajaan telah menyemak semula anggaran purata harga Dated Brent kepada USD55 setong pada 2015 semasa Perutusan Khas Perdana Menteri.

Perbelanjaan pembangunan sebanyak RM50.5 bilion dalam Bajet 2015 merangkumi RM48.5 bilion untuk perbelanjaan pembangunan dan RM2 bilion bagi simpanan luar jangka. Simpanan luar jangka ini diperuntukkan bagi perbelanjaan mendesak dan di luar jangkaan yang tiada peruntukan sedia ada. Simpanan ini hanya dikategorikan sebagai perbelanjaan apabila simpanan ini digunakan. Oleh itu, simpanan ini tidak diambil kira dalam pengiraan defisit fiskal.

Defisit bagi tahun 2015 pada awalnya dianggarkan sebanyak RM35.7 bilion atau 3% daripada Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar (KDNK). Walau bagaimanapun, berikutan hasil yang lebih rendah serta unjuran pertumbuhan KDNK yang disemak semula bagi tahun 2015 iaitu, 4.5% - 5.5%, kadar defisit kini dianggarkan 3.2% daripada KDNK atau RM37 bilion.

Langkah-langkah yang telah diumumkan dalam Perutusan Khas tidak melibatkan sebarang perbelanjaan tambahan. Memandangkan langkah-langkah ini tidak melebihi siling peruntukan yang telah diluluskan oleh Parlimen, Bajet 2015 tidak perlu dibentangkan semula.

Sebagai Kerajaan yang bertanggungjawab, Kementerian Kewangan akan terus memantau perkembangan global dan kesannya ke atas ekonomi domestik.

Sebarang pertanyaan dan penjelasan lanjut mengenai Perutusan Khas boleh diajukan kepada Kementerian Kewangan di e-melpro@treasury.gov.my
KEMENTERIAN KEWANGAN MALAYSIA
PUTRAJAYA


SIARAN MEDIA / MEDIA RELEASE
KEMENTERIAN KEWANGAN MALAYSIA
MINISTRY OF FINANCE MALAYSIA

Further Explanation on the Special Address by the Prime Minister

Following the Special Address by YAB Prime Minister on 20 January 2015 regarding current economic developments and the Government’s financial position, we have taken note of the many media articles and commentaries. The Ministry of Finance would like to elaborate on the following:

The 2015 Budget was formulated based on Tapis crude oil price at USD105 per barrel. Tapis crude oil typically commands a premium of about USD5 per barrel over Dated Brent, the global benchmark.  Given the need to monitor prices closely, amid continued falling prices of crude oil, reference was made to Dated Brent at USD100 per barrel in the Prime Minister’s Special Address. The Government has since revised the price assumption for Dated Brent to an average of USD55 per barrel for 2015.

The development expenditure of RM50.5 billion, as announced in the 2015 Budget, comprises RM48.5 billion in development expenditure and RM2 billion for contingency reserve. The contingency reserve is meant for urgent and unforeseen expenditure for which there is no existing allocation. It is only recognised as expenditure when it is used.  Hence, it does not come into the calculation of the fiscal deficit.

The budget deficit for 2015 was initially estimated at RM35.7 billion or 3% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). However, with lower revenue and a revised GDP growth forecast for 2015 of 4.5% - 5.5%, the budget deficit is now estimated at 3.2% of GDP or RM37 billion.     

The announced measures do not involve any additional or supplementary expenditure. As the measures do not exceed the ceiling approved by Parliament, the 2015 Budget is not required to be tabled again. 

As a responsible Government, the Ministry of Finance will continue to closely monitor external developments and the impact on the domestic economy.

The Ministry of Finance welcomes any queries or clarifications on the Special Address at pro@treasury.gov.my
Ministry of Finance
Putrajaya