Friday, December 09, 2016

Auditor General’s Report Taking A Back Seat?

There has been an increase, over time, in the public demand for government transparency and accountability, which is crucial to safeguarding the public sector’s image of serving the public interest. 

Following such demands and urgency, the government implemented the The Prime Minister's Directive No 1 Year 1998, Second Series, No.1 Year 2000 by the Special Cabinet Committee on Integrity of Government Management chaired by then Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. 

The directive, entitled "Operations to Enhance the Integrity of the Malaysian Government Administration's Management System: Guideline on Implementation and Mechanism for the Supervisory System of Programmes to Incorporate Noble Values", is aimed at enhancing the integrity of the government administration. 

The National Integrity Plan (NIP) and the Malaysian Institute of Integrity was launched in 2004 by then Prime Minister Abdullah Haji Ahmad Badawi to further realized Vision 2020's goal of creating an ethical and moral society. 

In 2009, Prime Minister Mohd Najib Razak introduced the Ministerial Key Performance Indicators (MKPls) focused on delivering results of the effort to enhance government accountability. 

Subsequently, in 2010, the Prime Minister formally announced the Government Transformation Programme (GTP). The GTP covers an initial six national key results areas (NKRAs), including an initiative to combat corruption. 
Administratively, the two main institutions responsible for public finance accountability in Malaysia are the National Audit Department (NAD) and the Public Accounts Committee (PAC). 

The Federal Constitution sets out the rules for financial provisions of Articles 96 to 112. The government must table an annual budget for approval by Parliament of the financial provisions contained in the Constitution. 
The Parliament enacts, repeals and amends laws related to financial matters. It controls expenditures of budgeting, and it requires the Accountant General's Department (AGD) to table annual financial reports on Parliament. These reports must be audited by an oversight body, which is the NAD. In addition, Parliament has established the PAC to ensure accountability. 

The head of the NAD is the Auditor General, who is appointed by the Yang di Pertuan Agong (the ruler) in accordance with Article 105 of the Federal Constitution. Article 106 of the Constitution specifies the powers and duties of the Auditor General and where he/she will submit the financial statements of the federal and state government as specified in Article 107 of the Constitution. 

The nature of an audit is specified in Section 6 of the Audit Act 1957, which states that the Auditor General must ascertain; involving the custody of public money, authority, maintenance and storage, activities and the provisions of the Federal Constitution and the Financial Procedure Act 1957, and any other written law relating to moneys or stores subject to his/her audit has been in all respects complied with to avoid wastage or extravagance. 
With such great effort and due diligence, the public is shocked with repeated reports on weaknesses or misappropriations, the culprits are not booked! The loss of 44 firearms reported on the Auditor General’s 2012 report and the more recent RM150 million cash and in kind siphoned from the RM3.3 billion, state rural water project in Sabah. 

The federal and state government are taken to task to be accountable and responsible and not shirking under the ‘TIDAK APA’ attitude, it has been far stretched and the public patience is wearing thin.

A Trade Deal For The 21st Century: TPP Dilemma

The Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement signed by 12 countries around the Pacific Rim, including the U.S., Japan and Australia, is a complex and comprehensive trade agreement designed with the 21st century in mind. Importantly, China, India and South Korea are not signatories, although they could join at a later date.

It is an important part of President Barack Obama’s “pivot to Asia”, which he had hope to be part of his administrative legacy of the aim at undercutting or at least slowing China’s efforts to expand its “soft” as well as its military power.. Hence, President-elect Donald Trump victory making clear opposing to almost any US trade deal a centerpiece campaign, sending the TPP reeling.
The deal, like most of the multilateral trade-liberalizing agreements negotiated since World War II, specifies reductions in tariffs on manufactured goods and on agricultural products as well. But the TPP goes much further, entailing a global code of conduct of trade that takes into account its increasing complexity.

Recognizing the growing importance of services and digital products, it aims to reduce nontariff barriers in these areas too. It specifies rules for the protection for intellectual property. Going beyond previous agreements, it incorporates provisions for the protection for labor and the environment.

The provision of the TPP that has engendered the most controversy, even though it already exists on thousands of other treaties, is the Investor State Dispute Settlement provision. This allows a corporation to take complaints that a foreign government has violated its property rights to a special international tribunal, whose decision cannot be appealed. 

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Mohd Najib who has long tried to strike a balance in its relationships between U.S. and China, has been making similar noises about moving its fulcrum in the direction of China. Both countries have eased their opposition to China’s incursions into the South China Sea.

China itself has been actively initiating programs directed at enhancing its global role, with major implications for the U.S. When China created the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in 2014, the U.S. boycotted the new institution and asked allies to do the same. Despite its pleas, some 57 countries joined, including all the major countries of the European Union, as well as Australia and South Korea.

Even more recently, China has announced multi-billion dollar financing for its belt-and-road initiative, a grand plan to finance infrastructure projects throughout Asia and better connect China with the rest of the world that has been termed a Chinese Marshall Plan. 
The Chinese challenge to American hegemony appears to be gathering steam. China has replaced the Soviet Union as the major contender to supplant the U.S. as the world’s dominant power. With TPP cessation, the reframing of TPP as a security issue becomes apparent and relevant for the U.S. Now there existed pressure in Asia for a pivot away from the U.S.

Only two of its 12 signatories, Japan and New Zealand, have so far ratified the TPP. If the U.S. does not ratify, the deal will probably wither on the vine – although there have been suggestions that the other 11 members could ratify it and put it into force on a provisional basis.

The failure of the TPP would not leave a vacuum. China is already spearheading a proposal for a Comprehensive Regional Trade Partnership (CREP), which includes the 10 members of the Association for South East Asian Nations plus China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand. As such, it includes seven of the 12 TPP signatories.

While both agreements cover such issues as trade of goods and services, investment and dispute settlement mechanisms, the CREP does not incorporate the TPP’s protections for labor or the environment or restrictions on the activities of state-owned businesses, which dominate the Chinese economy. These provisions are of key importance of many countries, the United States among them, for whom they represent strongly held values.

China is also hoping to advance its concept of a Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP), which would have the narrower goal of overriding and integrating the various bilateral and regional free trade agreements that are currently in force or proposed.

But it would have a broader geographical reach than CREP; it could potentially incorporate all 21 member countries of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, including both China and the United States. Originally, the U.S. had hoped that the TPP would be the main building block of the FTAAP, but China has clearly make headway.

Thursday, December 08, 2016

Private Bill 355 Is Not HUDUD

In the recent Parliament sitting, the atmosphere was abuzz surrounding the tabling of Private Bill 355. A private member’s bill to be tabled by Abdul Hadi Awang, the president of PAS, proposing changes in the Syariah Court (Criminal Jurisdiction) Act 1965, which also known as Act 355. 

What is a Private Bill? In the Malaysian parliamentary democracy, it allows laws to be initiated or changed by Members of Parliament who are not Ministers. They can introduce (table) private members bills. 

The bill can be tabled in Parliament, provided it is listed on the agenda, the ‘Order Paper’. By convention, government business has priority, thus private members bills are last on the Order Paper. Secondly, a private members bill could only be tabled, if the government ‘gives way’ as it was allowed in the case of Private Bill 355. 

The proposed amendments to the Syariah Courts (Criminal Jurisdiction) Act 1965 (Act 355) and laws is to strengthen the Syariah Court where its powers are restricted to a maximum prison sentence of 3 years, a fine of RM5, 000 and 6 syar’ie compliant strokes of cane. 

The last amendment made in 1984, saw an increase in 6 months imprisonment and a fine of RM1, 000. However, the punishment met out is considered outdated and has not created awareness nor guilt to the wrongdoer. 

Non-Muslims may not be tried under the Syariah courts as the Federal Constitution establishes the jurisdiction of the Syariah Court only to Muslims and Act 355, Section 2 also describes only Muslims can be tried and punished in the Syariah Court. Neither does Act 355 has relevance to the implementation of Hudud law. 

The Private Bill 335 if becomes law, legislates maximum imprisonment of 30 years, fine up to RM100, 000 and up to 100 syar’ie compliant strokes. It is the transfer of limits of punishment of shariah offences at the federal parliament to state assemblies (except for the Federal Territories). 

If the bill becomes law, the states have the choice to stay with the state legislature or to abide with the change. 
The constituents should realise, the obvious failure of their MPs who play an important role to advocate social harmony and understanding as imparted through the National Philosophy (Rukun Negara):

1. Belief in God
2. Loyalty to King and Country
3. Supremacy over the Constitution
4. The Rule of Law and
5. Mutual respect and good social behavior
The resounding ‘No’ by many MPs is a case of ignorance about practices of Islam upon its followers (Muslim). Furthermore, it has been politicized to accord similar treatment of civil laws despite the fundamentals of the Federal Constitution allowing it. 

The constituents are concerned on issues of family disputes involving divorce, unilateral conversion of children, custody battles, apostate and etc which requires deliberation on amendments under the Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act and the Islamic Family Law Act/Enactment. 

Muslims are not homogeneous, just like a Buddhists, Christians or a Hindus. They lived on a conduct and laws to their beliefs in a civil society. Respect is an attitude that requires both parties, not one. Religion is sacred and not a toy for politics.

Wednesday, December 07, 2016

And Then There is One

The seabed searches for the missing Malaysian airliner; MH370 has been left to a single ship, with a Chinese vessel heading home to Shanghai. The ill-fated flight MH370 took off from Kuala Lumpur International Airport enroute Beijing International Airport on March 8, 2014 and disappeared from radar. 

A Dutch survey ship Fugro Equator will finish the search of the southern Indian Ocean for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 alone after resupplying at the southwest Australian port of Fremantle, the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB), which coordinates the search. 

The ATSB is leading the underwater search for MH370 in the southern Indian Ocean. Australia has accepted the responsibility on request from the Malaysian Government. 
The Chinese ship Dong Hai Jiu 101 had finished searching the 120,000-square-kilometer (46,000-square-mile) expanse last weekend and headed back to Fremantle to drop off equipment before returning to its home port of Shanghai, on December 3. 

The Chinese ship in February joined three search vessels operated by the Dutch underwater survey company Fugro in the hunt for the Boeing 777 that authorities say crashed with 239 people aboard far off the southwest coast of Australia on March 8, 2014. 

Fugro Equator’s missions in the remaining parts of the 120,000 square-kilometre search area are expected to be completed in January/February 2017. The ship is using a highly maneuverable drone known as an autonomous underwater vehicle to get sonar images of difficult terrain.

Tuesday, December 06, 2016

The Case of Being Diplomatic

With a strong mandate given by the UMNO delegates, the UMNO President attended the rally on a common issues with PAS President at the Stadium Titiwangsa, last Sunday, condemning the Myanmar violence and bloodied crackdowns against the Rohingnyas. 
This is the third rally of such nature organized in the capital city, Kuala Lumpur. Previously, similar effort was called at the Myanmar Embassy and the National Mosque in condemning Myanmar and urging the regime to stop violence against the Rohingyas. 

The recent rally, highlighted the cooperation between two largest political parties (UMNO and PAS) representing the Malays and Islam, committed in their protest against atrocities beyond universal values. 

Reportedly, there are about 1.5 million Rohingnya ethnic residing in the Rakhine state (known as Arakan in ancient Burma) of the total Myanmar population of about 55 million. The Rohingnya exodus has sparked an ongoing regional humanitarian crisis. 

Malaysia and Thailand, being the closest to the Myanmar borders are already implicated with human trafficking issues, in addition coping with the influx of Myanmar refugees since 2012 to February 2016; approximately 144,390 refugees that majority are Rohingnya ethnic. 
The rampant killings and absence of intervention by the world and regional communities (UN, OIC and ASEAN) resulted in Myanmar public disgusted with Malaysian head of state as pictured at the Malaysian Embassy in Yangon, Myanmar.

Malaysia should propose a review of Myanmar membership in the ASEAN community of such inhumane nature. The rhetoric on Rohingnya has taken a new dimension. Action is required! 

Close the Malaysian embassy and the envoy to return home, immediately. The Myanmar envoy and workers should be expelled from Malaysia. Impose trade embargo on Myanmar. Similarly when UN recognized the Israelis into Palestine in 1948, they should exercise the same with the Rohingnya.

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Sandiwara RUU Penternakan Babi 2016 (Pulau Pinang)

Persidangan Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang yang ditangguhkan awal pagi tadi yang bermula sejak 15hb November 2016 telah menjawab 76 soalan lisan dan 634 soalan bertulis yang dikemukakan. Sebanyak dua usul tergempar dan dua rang undang-undang diluluskan.
Exco Pertanian dan Industri Asas Tani, Pembangunan Luar Bandar dan Kesihatan Negeri, Dr Afif Bahardin (PKR-Seberang Jaya) merupakan individu yang ‘tersohor’ apabila dalam satu usul tergempar beliau bertikam lidah dengan Datuk Hj Roslan Saidin, Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri kawasan Pinang Tunggal mengheret dan mencemuh UMNO dalam membela Maria Chin. 

Lebih mengejutkan lagi, Dr. Afif telah membentang dan diluluskan Rang Undang-Undang Penternakan Babi 2016 Pulau Pinang tanpa sokongan dari ADUN Barisan Nasional. Apakah motif sebenar enakmen diluluskan? Perkara yang mencabar martabat Islam dan umat Melayu serta kepentingan awam, sebagai mengenepikan keperluan rakyat Pulau Pinang dan kekalutan kepimpinan Kerajaan Negeri. 

Afif berkata, kaedah yang digunapakai di dalam penternakan tradisional masakini telah menyebabkan pencemaran alam sekitar. Turut juga menimbulkan isu keselamatan penyalahgunaan ubat-ubatn terlarang? Tambahan pula ia bagi mengawal selia dan memastikan industri berkenaan berkembang dengan sihat dan lestari pada masa akan datang? 

Sedangkan di Dewan Rakyat, Rang Undang-Undang Mahkamah Syariah (Bidang Kuasa Jenayah) (Pindaan) 2016 untuk umat Islam sahaja dibantah keras PKR yang didalangi DAP. RUU Penternakan Babi 2016 pula diutamakan dan dibentangkan seta diluluskan Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang pimpinan DAP. 

Bagi sebuah negara yang berkependudukan 30.9 juta orang (perangkaan Julai 2016), sebanyak 50.1 peratus (15.5 juta orang) adalah daripada bangsa Melayu. Anehnya ladang penternakan babi menjadi satu industri dan sumber negeri terutamanya disumbang oleh dua negeri penyumbang utama Selangor dan Pulau Pinang?

Sudah lupakah kita kepada wabak Japanese Encephalitis yang melanda Kampung Sungai Nipah, Negeri Sembilan pada awal tahun 1999 yang mengakibatkan maut. Terdapat kajian yang dijalankan mendapati jangkitan JE pada darah haiwan ternakan dari sembilan buah negeri di Malaysia pada tahun 1993 yang mendapati, kebanyakan haiwan yang dijangkiti terdiri daripada babi dari Pulau Pinang. 

Di negara maju seperti Jepun, ladang penternakan babi dijalankan di kawasan yang jauh dari kawasan perumahan dan pendudukan manusia. Namun seperti kebiasaannya di Malaysia, babi diternak bersama ayam, itik serta berhampiran dengan sawah padi. 

Ladang-ladang penternakan babi di Pulau Pinang bukan sekadar risiko pembawaan virus JE, malahan terdapat di kawasan-kawasan perkampungan tradisi Melayu dan penempatan perumahan yang padat. Pada tahun 2014, dua orang kanak-kanak telah dijangkiti virus JE dan dirawat di hospital di Pulau Pinang. 

Terdapat lebih dari 150 buah ladang penternakan babi di Pulau Pinang dengan kelompokan terbesar sebanyak 77 buah ladang di Kampung Selamat, Pinang Tunggal, 50 buah ladang di Valdor, Sungai Bakap dan selebihnya di Gertak Sanggul dan Telok Kumbar, Bayan Lepas. Terdapat juga sebilangan ladang penternakan babi di sebelah Balik Pulau, Pulau Pinang.

Dari jumlah ladang tersebut, telah menghasilkan sebanyak 1,200 ekor babi sehari (sejumlah 438 ribu ekor babi) bagi permintaan dalaman negeri Pulau Pinang, sejumlah lagi untuk pasaran negeri-negeri lain dan selebihnya untuk diekspot ke luar negara. Jika dihentikan perladangan ini, maka terganggulah perbekalan kepada permintaan dalam negeri, kata Afif.

Menurut sumber lain, berikutan kelulusan RUU Babi 2016 ini, satu perladangan moden dan berteknologi tinggi akan dibangunkan di Jawi, Sungai Bakap; juga kawasan penempatan majoriti orang Melayu. Ketua Menteri Lim Guan Eng pula bercadang membuat pengambilan tanah di kawasan Malakoff, Tasek Gelugor yang bernilai RM1.2 billion. Kemungkinan besar ladang penternakan moden itu akan ditempatkan di sana?
pencemaran di Sungai Kereh, Tasek Gelugor
Malahan seorang wakil rakyat maklumkan telah membuat lawatan ke ladang babi di Kampong Selamat, Pinang Tunggal mendapati air kumbahan berwarna hitam kehitaman dilepaskan memasuki Sungai Kereh yang mengalir ke Tasek Gelugor dan Permatang Pauh, termasuk juga mengalir ke sawah padi seluas 351ha di kawasan sekitarnya (Kampung Tok Bedu, Kampung Air Melintas Kecil, Datuk Keramat, Tasek Gelugor dan Kampung Matahari Naik).

Kerajaan Negeri mengharapkan peruntukan dari Kerajaan Pusat bagi kerja pemeliharaan sumber air. Berapakah jumlah yang diperlukan? Mampukah penguatkuasaan yang serius dijalankan terhadap penternakan babi ini selepas RUU Peneternakan Babi 2016 (Pulau Pinang) diluluskan demi kesejahteraan rakyat?

Apakah tidak akan berlaku ulangan seperti yang dialami penduduk negeri Selangor, jika Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang gagal mengawal selia dan menjamin air yang bersih untuk kegunaan rakyat Pulau Pinang, lebih-lebih lagi bagi kegunaan umat Islam?

Pastinya lebih memalukan apabila seorang wakil rakyat Melayu Islam sanggup merendahkan maruah diri dan martabat Agamanya mempertahan dan membentang RUU Penternakan Babi 2016 (Pulau Pinang) untuk diluluskan melalui persidangan Dewan Undangan Negeri yang baru lalu.

Thursday, November 24, 2016

Azmin To Swallow Bitter Pill...

The unregulated pig breeding farms in the Sungai Klang and Sungai Langat areas are the cause of pollution that had eventually disrupted the water supply and created hardship to the residents in Selangor. 

The findings disclosed through the Auditor General’s report proves and echoed by the UMNO Malaysia Youth Exco, Shahril Hamdan denying it was an act of sabotage as claimed by the Selangor Menteri Besar Datuk Seri Azmin Ali. 
Azmin had claimed earlier, they have evidence of sabotage by Barisan Nasional and UMNO on the matter of water pollution in Semenyih, refuting the state government is poorly administered. 

The report further had found that the state government failed to control illegal pig farms which may further causing the water contaminants into the rivers of Selangor, causing water disruption in the Klang Valley. 

The Auditor General's Report Series 2, states there are approximately 132 pig farms found in the basin of Sungai Klang and Sungai Langat compared to only 27 licenses were issued. 

"The findings by the Auditor General in the Auditor General's report also prove the water supply interruption in recent years is due to management body of the state government; Selangor Water Management Authority (LUAS) weaknesses," Shahril told Astro Awani. 

“The audit analysis found the water quality of Sungai Klang and Sungai Langat was moderately polluted (Class III) thus causing contaminants from the uncontrolled activities of the domestic and industrial pollution hence led to water treatment plants ordered to stop work.", he added. 

“The Mentri Besar and state executive councillor must refrain from accusing others of sabotaging the water supply in Selangor. The state government has not only failed to manage resources in Selangor raw water supply well, but the delay to finalize the purchase of water concessionaires in Selangor hence hurting the taxpayers," he said. 

Failure of LUAS to monitor and record the exact number of the owners of the farm or the industry to be licensed only proves the state government’s management weakness and leads to increased costs and time to treat raw water for consumers.

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Who Are The Rohingnya? Why Are They Victims Of Such Gravity From The Myanmar Government/People?

The Rohingya people of Arakan are mostly Muslims with a small Hindu population among them. They are racially Indo-Semitic. They are not an ethnic group developed from one tribal group affiliation or single racial stock. Tides of people like the Brahmins from India, Arabs, Moghuls, Bengalis, Turks and people from Central Asia, came mostly as traders, warriors and preachers overland or through the sea route to Arakan. 

Many settled in Arakan, during the Indian Chandra period, mixing with the local people formed the first nucleus of the Rohingya people in Arakan. Hence due to their settlement and common sufferings in Myanmar, they are identified found as the Rohingyas of Arakan, chronicled from the 3rd century to 1406 A.D. 
The language of the Chandras was proto-Chittagonian: Sanskrit, Pali, and Arabic mixed similar to what Francis Buchanon Hamilton found in 1799 with Rohingyas in Burma spoken by the Chakmas and Thanchangras of Arakan and Bangladesh, with its written form similar to Bengali found in the Anand Chandra Inscription (reference to the Vaishali and The Indianization of Arakan by Noel Singer); the controlled territories as far north to Chittagong.
Dated from 957 A.D. there had been a huge migration of Tibeto-Burman Theraveda Buddhist population into the plains of Arakan. They took possession of Arakan from the Chandras thus forcing the Indian looking people to retreat either towards the northern part of Arakan or back to Bengal, making it the first Indian exodus of Arakaniese people into Bengal. 

Following to the event of 1784 Burmese invasion of Arakan, Burmese king took the Arakani chronicles to Burma proper. The Arakani Sanskrit chronicles were rewritten in Burmese along with a tendentious interpretation of events entered into the present Arakani history to purify Arakan of Muslim traces for their only Buddhist mongoloid race dated past 3000 years.

The Burmese has deep rooted grudge and infinite hatred, especially when the Rohingyas recruited to wage war under the colors of the British military in the First, Second and Third Anglo-Burmese War and where they lost, resulting the Rohingya people returning to Arakan.
The early history of Arakan has been generally considered to be that of a province of eastern India, yet has been neglected by both Indian and Southeast Asian historians. The dynamics of the Arakan history needs to be examine from the beginnings of urbanization until the rise of the Burmese empire which subsequently dominated Arakanese culture and the Rohingnyas, a stateless people. 
Reflecting on the Chandra rule, the vast territories encompassing Chittagong should rightfully be the land for the Rohingnyas and not the Bangladeshi. In 1958, exodus of Rohingnyas refugees were allowed to enter refugees camps in Bangladesh.

Second Gaza In Making; Collaborative Genocidal In Post Democracy?

The pages of mankind’s history and civilizations has never fall short from warring factions; conquests and occupations of faraway land. For the mighty nations, it is justifiable in expanding their horizons, reaping the resources of alien territory, and showcase of their might. 

For decades, the Palestinians embattled for their rights and sovereignty challenged by the Israelis zone expansion and oppression in the Middle East since 1948 set by the then British Empire after the Holocaust during World War Two. 
In southeast Asia, the Rohingnya people in Arakan are undermined by the ‘Junta’ led Myanmar in a recent republic leadership, which entails the British through the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824 -1826) in consequence of Burma’s (Myanmar present day) expansion moving closer to British East India (later British India) with issues on refugees and military operations over ill-defined borders.

Subsequently, the Second Anglo-Burmese War (1842-1853) and the Third Anglo-Burmese (1885) are confrontations by the Burmese confrontations that warrant ‘casus belli’ (an event used to justify starting a war) by the British and total annexation of Burma.

The latest development on the besieged region, genocide by the Myanmar’s military operations in the Maungdaw region of Arakan, has fallen onto deaf ears of the regional and international leaders and agencies. Ground humanitarian efforts are unable to reach the Rohingnya people with the borders being clamped down. 
Villages and places of worship (mosques) were set on fire. Thousands of children, women and elderly people went helter-skelter to escape from capture, torture and killings. The men of Rohingya are unarmed or the ability to defend themselves and their loved ones from the wrath of the Myanmar military that predates in history. 

The large scale military operation by Myanmar has forced some refugees to cross the Teknaf River. While some managed to enter the borders of Bangladesh, they were forced to return to Myanmar by the Bangladeshi patrolling military. A news reported by an NGO claims, even the Bangladeshi army committed extortion and killing of the refugees caught in the border crossings. 

Ethnic cleansing by the Myanmar military has been overwhelming and inhumane far worse than the 2012 massacre. Reports of babies brutally murdered and thrown into burning villages while Rohingnyas women raped by military and militia Buddhists at the peak of senseless violence. 
The Rohingya people have been denied Burmese citizenship since the Burmese nationality law (1982 Citizenship Act) was enacted. The Government of Myanmar claims that the Rohingya are illegal immigrants who arrived during the British colonial era, and were originally Bengalis. The inhumane treatments by the republic does not justify actions upon the Rohingnya.

What has Aung San Suu Kyi; the 1991 Nobel Peace laureate done to maintain peace in her homeland? She openly supports the genocide of Rohingnya Muslims! Why the silence from the ASEAN, OIC, UN and the EU community? Why has the international agencies allowed this injustice to continue?